Deep Vein Thrombosis:Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

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Deep Vein Thrombosis is an illness in which a clot of blood occurs in any of the deep veins, mainly in legs. This illness tends to cause serious pain and puffiness, which may come up with severe complications. Hence, it’s better to be aware of its symptoms, and the way of preventing it.

The Symptoms of DVT:

The blood clots causing DVT are very small, most of the time, and they don’t create any symptom.  Our bodies are generally able to break them down so that it do not yield any long term affect. However, larger blood clots can partially or totally block the flow of blood in our veins and cause severe symptoms such as:

–          Swelling of the leg which is affected, or where the blood clot has occurred

–          The aching of the leg where the blood clots has appeared- and it also becomes difficult to stand properly for the person who has been affected.

–          The color of the skin changes- such as redness in the place where blood clot has appeared.

–          The skin feels hot and warm when touched (although, not  necessary that it’s the symptom of DVT only)

Treatment of DVT:

Anticoagulant medications are the usualcure for the disease. They alter chemicals in our blood for stopping clots to form so easily and also the old clots to get any bigger. They cannotmelt clots that we already consist in our veins– our body takes the action all by itself. Anticoagulants comprise‘heparin and warfarin’.

 Thrombolytic medications are those that act by melting clots of blood; this procedure generally causes bleeding, for which this medicine is not precisely used much.

Ways to Prevent DVT:

If you fear to have the specified illness, then contact your GP.

To reduce the risk of the illness, we can do many things such as smoking less, and lose weight (if you are overweight). Walking regularly may help the blood circulation of our leg to improve and so prevent DVT.

However, taking aspirins may not be a proper cure as it isn’t an evidential medication for the illness.

 While having surgeries:

Surgical treatment and otherremedial treatments may increase our threat of causing Deep Vein Thrombosis.Hence, if a person is going for a surgery, he must have an assessment before having the surgery. Many things can be done, to keep the risk of causing DVT while surgery lesser. The person going through the surgery may be prescribed anticoagulant medication before and after the surgery, or maybe suggested of wearing compression leggings. a mechanical pump may also be prescribed for using on  feet and legs for the first couple of days after the surgery. This is known as an alternating compression expedient. The pump mechanicallysqueezes feet and the lower legs to help the blood flow.

While travelling:

It’s not much likely to develop the disease while travelling, yet the chances can get lesser if few steps are followed. Walk for short times, walking up and down the walkway of transport vehicle. Workout the lower leg’s muscles, that pump the blood in veins – frequentlytwist and un-bend the ankles, toes and legs.

–          Wear clothes which are not much tight.

–          Drink water to make sure, that you are hydrated.

–          Keep yourself away from drinking too much alcohol or drinks which may contain caffeine.

–          Sleeping pills will not help your legs remain active.

–          You may wear compression stockings.

Heparin injections and compression stockings are must, if your GP has told you that you are more prone to the disease. Get more information from your GP.

Developingpuffiness or aching in thigh, or having breathing difficulties or pain in the chest after travelling, should not be ignored. Seeking emergency medical attention would be a good action in such cases.

Summary:

A large blood clot may cause Deep Vein Thrombosis, which may later act as a severe pain and swelling mostly in your legs. The most common symptoms of DVT are swelling and aching of legs, and also the skin changing colors especially red. There are many kinds of treatments for Deep Vein Thrombosis, but people mostly prefer Anticoagulant medications, since they automatically enables our body to take required actions to reduce the clots from getting any bigger. Many kinds of preventions may be undertaken while appearing to be in a surgery and while travelling.  For example, after surgery a person may get more prone to the disease, and so may use mechanical pumps for squeezing the muscles, and while travelling dehydration, alcohol, sleeping pills and also caffeine should be ignored, and usage of compression stockings should be enhanced.